"Just a Lad of 18 Summers" Remembering Kevin Barry
Leonard Cohen Sings The Ballad of Kevin Barry (1972)
KEVIN BARRY, was born today January 20th, 1902. He is remembered in song and story as a dedicated Irish Republican.
He was hanged at the age of 18 the first Irish Republican to be executed by the British after the 1916 Rising.
Barry, the fourth of a family of two boys and four girls, was born at 8 Fleet Street, Dublin, in 1902. Following the death of his father in 1908, the family moved to Tombeagh, County Carlow, where he attended Rathvilly National School.
Later he went to St Mary's College in Rathmines in Dublin, and in 1916 he transferred to Belvedere College. A keen athlete and student, Kevin won a Dublin Corporation scholarship in 1919 and in the autumn of that year entered University College Dublin to study medicine.
In Carlow, an area rich in folk memories of 1798, Barry had learned all about Michael Dwyer and the United Irishmen. He joined the Irish Volunteers when he was only 15 and six months later he became a member of the Clarke Luby Circle of the IRB.
By the summer of 1920, Barry held the rank of section commander and took part in most of the Brigade operations against the British forces in Dublin.
In June, he was one of a group of IRA Volunteers under the command of Peadar Clancy (murdered by the Auxiliaries in Dublin Castle three weeks after Barry's execution) who carried out a successful raid for arms at the King's Inns, where British troops were billeted.
On 20 September, Barry was among 23 Volunteers who took part in a raid for arms on a British patrol at Monk's bakery in Church Street. After a short but fierce gun-battle during which a soldier was killed and four others wounded, the Volunteers were forced to withdraw due to the imminent arrival of British reinforcements from the nearby North Dublin Union.
Everyone got away except Barry. Although tortured by the enemy, he refused to name any of his comrades.
On 20 October, he was court-martialed and sentenced to death. There were calls from all sections of the community to have the sentence commuted because of his youth, and his comrades in the Dublin Brigade made several unsuccessful attempts to rescue him from prison.
At 8am on Monday 1 November 1920, he was hanged in Mountjoy Jail and buried inside the prison walls. His last message to his comrades was:
``Hold on and stick to the Republic.''
Kevin Barry was born in Dublin on 20 January 1902.